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Silicon Carbide (2800ºF High Thermal Conductivity and Wear Resistant Ceramic)

Silicon Carbide has excellent resistance to corrosion, high mechanical strength, high thermal conductivity, a very low coefficient of thermal expansion, and better thermal shock resistance than alumina at very high temperatures. Silicon carbide is composed of tetrahedra of carbon and silicon atoms with strong bonds in the crystal lattice. This produces a very hard and strong material. Silicon carbide is not attacked by any acids or alkalis or molten salts up to 800ºC. In air, SiC forms a protective silicon oxide coating at 1200ºC and is able to be used up to 1600ºC. The high thermal conductivity coupled with low thermal expansion and high strength give this material exceptional thermal shock resistant qualities. Silicon carbide ceramics with little or no grain boundary impurities maintain their strength to very high temperatures, approaching 1600ºC with no strength loss. Chemical purity, resistance to chemical attack at temperature, and strength retention at high temperatures has made this material very popular as wafer tray supports and paddles in semiconductor furnaces. The electrical conduction of the material has lead to its use in resistance heating elements for electric furnaces, and as a key component in thermistors (temperature variable resistors) and in varistors (voltage variable resistors). Other applications include seal faces, wear plates, bearings and liner tubes.

Note: Foundry Service offers both porous and fully dense Silicon Carbide. The data shown is for porous Silicon Carbide, but other grades are available, and more detailed information is available by request.

Specifications  · Thermal Properties  · Physical Properties  · Note  · Applications



Nitride Bonded

Mix Designation

66 to 68

Method of Manufacture


Approximate Chemical Analysis

Al2O3 - 0.90%
Alkalies - 0.04%

CaO - 0.03%

MgO - 0.01%

Pe2O3 - 0.36%

Si3N4 - 18.09%

SiC - 77.84%

SiO2 - 2.58%

TiO2 - 0.14%

Thermal Properties

Maximum Service Temperature

2800 ºF

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

21.5 x 10-7 in/in/ºF

Physical Properties

Cold Modulus of Rupture

6000 psi


6.3 %

Apparent Porosity

15.5 %

Bulk Density

2.56 g/cc

Apparent Specific Gravity

3.06 g/cc

Data are average results of control tests made under standard procedures and are subject to normal variations. Results should not be used for specification purposes.

Hearth plates, recuperator tubes, pusher slabs, skid rails, wear-resistant plats, girders, stringers, brick, lightweight kiln furniture including posts, firing rings, deck slabs, and setter plates.


·  Nitride Bonded Silicon Carbide - 2

·  Silicon Carbide


Data Sheet for Silicon Carbide (2800ºF High Thermal Conductivity and Wear Resistant Ceramic)
(PDF, 53KB)

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